There are several options to obtain Spanish citizenship. Undoubtedly, it is easier to become a citizen of the country if you were born there, have married a Spaniard, or have been adopted by a resident of Spain. However, even those who have never been in the country and do not speak the language can obtain a Spanish passport. For this, it is necessary to reside in Spanish territory for 10 years with a residence permit.
Options for obtaining citizenship:
1. After 1 year of stay in the country, citizenship is granted to:
2. After 2 years of residence in the country, citizenship is granted to:
3. After 5 years of living in Spain, citizenship can be applied for by:
4. After 10 years:
Before obtaining the right to citizenship, the applicant must follow a certain algorithm of actions. First, a residence permit is processed. Then, fulfilling a series of conditions, the residence permit can be converted into permanent residence, that is, making Spain your permanent place of residence. There are different ways to obtain a residence permit, so each person can choose the option that best suits their needs:
To process the residence permit, a set of documents is needed: application, passport, several photographs, health insurance, bank statement, property owner's documents, as well as confirmation of the lack of criminal record. To verify the information provided by the applicant, the staff of the Spanish consulate usually need several months.
Permanent residence status is requested after five years and, in fact, is equivalent to citizen status. The only difference is the lack of capacity to vote and serve in the armed forces. After another five years after obtaining permanent residence status (that is, a total of 10 years of legal residence in Spain), the documents for citizenship are submitted.
Simultaneously, it is necessary to prepare for the exam on knowledge of the language, history, and culture of the country, as well as its legislation. In addition, it implies renouncing the citizenship of the Russian Federation, as well as swearing allegiance to the Constitution and the King of Spain.
Before deciding to move to Spain and subsequently obtain citizenship of the country, it is necessary to know some nuances. For example, purchasing property in Spanish territory does not imply automatic acquisition of citizen status. However, it is an important step in this process. While purchasing a home for half a million euros almost guarantees obtaining a residence permit, acquiring less expensive property and having a stable income outside of Spain provides the opportunity to apply for a residence permit that does not imply subsequent employment in the country.
Being born in Spanish territory is a solid reason for a child to obtain citizenship. But first, the child receives the same type of residence permit as their parents. After 1 year, the documents for citizenship are submitted. However, the parents do not receive any benefit in obtaining citizen status.
Spanish citizenship offers a wide range of opportunities. Above all, it will not be necessary to comply with certain periods of stay in the country, you will be able to travel within the European Union without needing a visa, vote, and receive diplomatic protection abroad.
Remember that dual citizenship cannot be obtained in Spain, so you will have to choose which country you want to be a citizen of.